How To Make Paper?

Victor Rivera
4 min readDec 6, 2023

Paper, an essential part of our daily lives, has been around for centuries, serving as a medium for communication, art, and documentation. While we may take it for granted, creating your paper can be a rewarding and eco-friendly endeavor. In this guide, we’ll delve into the art of making paper from scratch, exploring the materials, processes, and techniques involved in this age-old craft.

how to make paper
Image by Juraj Varga from Pixabay


To embark on your paper-making journey, gather the following materials:

Cellulose Rrich Material

Start with a base of cellulose-rich material, commonly obtained from recycled paper, old newspapers, cardboard, or even plant fibers like cotton and linen. This will be the primary ingredient for your homemade paper.


Adequate water is essential for the paper-making process. Make sure you have a water source and containers for soaking and blending the materials.

Mold And Deckle

Invest in or create a mold and deckle — the fundamental tools for shaping and forming your paper. The mold is a screen-like frame, and the deckle is a frame without a screen, placed on top of the mold to control the size of the paper.

Blender Or Beater

A blender or a paper beater is necessary to break down the cellulose fibers into a pulp. This step is crucial for achieving a smooth and uniform paper texture.

Basin Or Tub

You’ll need a basin or tub large enough to accommodate your mold and deckle, facilitating the dipping and draining of the paper pulp.

Felt Or Cloth

Prepare sheets of felt or cloth to absorb excess water during the drying process.

Image by Sergio Carabajal from Pixabay

The Paper-Making Process

Preparation Of Materials

Begin by tearing the chosen cellulose-rich materials into small pieces. If you’re using recycled paper, removing any ink or…